Former theories of languages for specific purposes (LSP), based only upon a traditional approach to terminology, rejected them at the periphery of standard language and introduced an opposition between both forms of languages. Actually, LSP are considered as normal parts of natural languages and take there a new central place with all their cognitive, intercultural, lexical, phraseological, sociological, stylistic and syntactic aspects in an integrative approach. This new centrality of LSP corresponds to a new centrality appearing also in areas of activities like business and industrial activities. Tasks that were separated in the past are now merged in integrated processing through technical progress. This evolution also impacts the corre-sponding LSP with particular interferences between activities and foreign languages. However some decision-makers in higher education and companies may emphasize this new complexity to reduce the diversity of foreign languages taught, written or spoken as LSP and promote the use of English alone as a lingua franca for international specialized communication. Other foreign languages would become then marginal languages in Europe and the German language, for example, would no longer be used at all for professional activities. Contrary to this false interpretation, a better connection between research in applied linguistics and modern teaching methods that reflects the new centrality of LSP is necessary for each European foreign language. Research in corpus linguistics and the realization of bilingual or multilingual combinatory dictionaries for German LSP in the sectors of logistics and transportation at the University of Le Havre show how to maintain a diversity of foreign languages for specialized communication in several fields and to integrate the new multilingualism in modern European societies efficiently.
Zitieren Sie diesen Beitrag bitte wie folgt:
Delagneau, Jean-Marc: ZentralitĂ¤t und Partikularismen. Die deutschen Fachsprachen der Logistik und des Transportwesens. <http://www.germanistik.ch/publikation.php? id=Zentralitaet_und_Partikularismen> (Publiziert März 2013)
Delagneau, Jean-Marc: ZentralitĂ¤t und Partikularismen. Die deutschen Fachsprachen der Logistik und des Transportwesens. In: Michael Stolz, Laurent Cassagnau, Daniel Meyer und Nathalie Schnitzer (Hg.): Germanistik in der Schweiz (GiS) Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Akademischen Gesellschaft fĂĽr Germanistik. Heft 10/2013. Bern: germanistik.ch 2013, S.209-218