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In the 19th century, rapid industrialization caused regional policy-makers to be very conscious of the need to create a central administrative body to face common challenges together. But all coordination attempts before World War One were unsuccessful, and paradoxically, pre-existing polycentrism was exacerbated. On the other hand, this phenomenon was reinforced by the political and administrative structure of the Ruhr Basin: for this economic area was divided into two provinces and three sub-districts. However, in spite of many difficulties, the authorities took measures, which admittedly proved inadequate. But at least they raised a relevant debate which resulted in the creation of a central body in 1920. The primary goal of this article is to highlight its main themes. On the other hand, a few policy-makers and officials in charge of spatial planning worked in Essen with environmental groups and associations from a very early stage on. There was an objective alliance between two categories of players, who indeed pursued different goals, but promoted the creation of a central body in the Ruhr Basin. The secondary goal of this article is to highlight the organic bond that links the fight against polycentrism and environmental protection.
Zitieren Sie diesen Beitrag bitte wie folgt:
Gladieux, Marc: ZentralitĂ¤tsbestrebungen und polyzentrale Wirklichkeit im Ruhrgebiet 1890â€“1919. <http://www.germanistik.ch/publikation.php? id=Zentralitaetsbestrebungen_und_polyzentrale
_Wirklichkeit> (Publiziert März 2013)
Gladieux, Marc: ZentralitĂ¤tsbestrebungen und polyzentrale Wirklichkeit im Ruhrgebiet 1890â€“1919. In: Michael Stolz, Laurent Cassagnau, Daniel Meyer und Nathalie Schnitzer (Hg.): Germanistik in der Schweiz (GiS) Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Akademischen Gesellschaft fĂĽr Germanistik. Heft 10/2013. Bern: germanistik.ch 2013, S.41-48